A Comprehensive Guide to the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT)


The Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) is an essential part of the U.S. Army’s basic training program. It ensures that soldiers maintain the necessary level of physical fitness for combat readiness. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through every aspect of the APFT, from the events involved, how it’s scored, to tips for success.


The APFT consists of three events: the two-mile run, push-ups, and sit-ups. Each event tests a specific aspect of physical fitness: cardiovascular endurance, upper body strength, and abdominal strength, respectively.

  1. Two-Mile Run: This is a measure of cardiovascular fitness and endurance. Soldiers must complete the run as quickly as possible.

  2. Push-ups: This event measures upper body strength and endurance. Soldiers are required to perform as many push-ups as they can within two minutes.

  3. Sit-ups: This assesses the strength and endurance of the abdominal muscles. Soldiers have two minutes to perform as many sit-ups as possible.


Each of the three events in the APFT is scored based on the soldier’s performance.

  1. Two-Mile Run: The faster the run is completed, the higher the score. The minimum passing time varies by age and gender.

  2. Push-ups: The more push-ups performed within the two-minute timeframe, the higher the score. Again the minimum passing score varies depending on age and gender.

  3. Sit-ups: Similar to push-ups, the more sit-ups completed within two minutes, the higher the score.

The overall APFT score is the sum of the points achieved in each event. Soldiers must achieve a minimum total score of 150, with at least 50 points in each event, to pass.


Proper preparation for the APFT not only ensures a passing score but can also help in achieving a higher score.

  1. Strength Training: Incorporate push-up and sit-up exercises in your regular fitness regimen. Variations of these exercises can help engage different muscle groups and improve overall performance.

  2. Cardiovascular Training: Regular cardiovascular exercises like running, cycling, or swimming can help improve endurance levels needed for the two-mile run.

  3. Nutrition and Rest: Proper diet and sufficient rest are crucial to support training and recovery.


Achieving a high score in the APFT requires discipline, commitment, and strategic planning.

  1. Consistent Training: Consistency is key. Regular and consistent training will yield improvements over time.

  2. Benchmarking Progress: Regularly test yourself under APFT conditions. This can help track progress, identify areas of growth, and where adjustments need to be made.

  3. Mental Toughness: Physical fitness is just one aspect of the test. Cultivating mental toughness will help in pushing through challenging moments during the test.


Successfully navigating the APFT can be a daunting task, but with proper training, nutrition, and a dedicated mindset, it is certainly achievable. Remember, the APFT is not just about passing a test; it’s about ensuring that you possess the physical fitness necessary to meet the demands of being in the U.S. Army.

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